SOCIO-ECONOMIC VOICES

Green Growth Strategy, Vertical Integration, Far-Spread Digital Education And Gender Equality Needed Towards Self-Reliant Indian Agriculture
-Ranjitha Puskur,IRRI’s Representative to India
If we continue with the current practices, very soon our food supplies (quantity and quality) will be at risk

Introduction: In an exclusive interview for Indiastat, Ranjitha Puskur, IRRI’s Representative to India throws light on various aspects of the Indian Agriculture Sector, including the latest bone of contention - the amended farm laws. She informs senior journalist Mahima Sharma that such policies can always be double-edged swords depending on how they are interpreted and implemented. She adds that all possible loopholes must be identified to safeguard vulnerable small and marginal farmers; and also better communication is needed highlighting their pros and cons. For a deeper insight, read the full interview.

MS: In September 2021, the agriculture ministry signed 5 MoUs to promote digital technology in the farm sector. According to you what steps must the central government take to implement the Digital Science for Equity, Empowerment and Development?

RP:There is no doubt that digital technologies are the game changers in the agriculture and food sectors. We have already seen smart farming or precision farming being practised and digital technologies enabling traceability, connecting smallholder farmers to markets, financial inclusion among others. However, we still have several challenges to contend with if we have to make this a technology revolution that advances equity and empowerment. Digital science is a means to an end and should not become an end in itself. We have a long way to go in terms of giving farmers access to technologies that can help them manage their scarce resources like water, inputs and capital; manage their crops; and tap into risk management mechanisms like insurance, markets. The digital divide is a reality we cannot ignore. The latest NSSO says only 14.9% of rural households have access to the internet and these would be the better-endowed households. In addition to access, digital literacy and use are also low particularly among women who are the invisible backbone of Indian agriculture and poor smallholders in tribal and remote areas - and these are the ones who need them and could benefit most. Making these technologies more affordable, using farmer collectives as conduits to reach these large numbers of unreached farmers, enhancing digital literacy will be critical to make the most of these technologies and make a dent in the SDGs.

MS: Innovativeness, Improved Delivery and related Institutional Mechanisms - thats the name being given to super-markets that are fast taking over. How must equity and justifiable prices for the efforts farmers put in, must be ensured amid the ongoing commercialisation?

RP: Mining the farming-related big data and statistics that are available to analyse patterns and develop applications that will support precision agriculture and smart farming is a step in the right direction. What is important is to ensure this data and the analysis that emerges needs to be accessible to all - small and big corporations, farmers and their collectives and should not be cornered by a few elite corporations. We need to engage farmers in such data collection moving forward and build their capacities to do so. There is a huge opportunity to train young rural women and men to engage in this. Data democratization is critical if we need this to result in positive benefits for a wide section of the smallholder farming population through informed decision-making. The rural extension and advisory services need to be trained to harness such data so they can help the smallholder and women farmers effectively, often left behind due to the digital divide.

MS: What conceptual framework (to unravel gender dynamics in Agriculture Sector and Food Systems) does IRRI use to address Gender Inequalities in order to develop efficient, inclusive and resilient food systems in the future?

RP: The One CGIAR and IRRI which is a part of the global partnership aim for food systems transformation that is equitable and sustainable. (CGIAR is the worlds largest global agricultural innovation network). The gender research for development in One CGIAR envisions a world where gender equality drives these food systems transformations and vice-versa in a changing climate. One CGIAR employs gender transformative approaches to analyse and address the inequalities. These approaches go beyond just filling the gender gaps in access to productive resources and assets but also unravel and tackle the underlying root causes like formal and informal social and gender norms, institutions and other structural barriers that cause the gender gaps. This is important to ensure that the gains we make in gender equality and womens empowerment are lasting. And when we look at women and men and youth, we recognise that they are not homogeneous groups. Interactional factors like class, caste, ethnicity, location all contribute to determining their individual identities and consequently influence their access to resources and opportunities. Our efforts are focused on harnessing the immense potential of women to be proactive agents of change who can drive food systems transformation, by influencing the creation of an enabling environment.

MS: Rural economy kept steady during Covid. Experts have attributed the 20.1% pick-up in overall growth for the first quarter of 2021-22 to a sharp base effect, compared to 1.6% year-on-year in the fourth quarter of 2020-21. What do you think worked for the sector? And what must other sectors learn from the farm sector?

RP: Rural economy, which is generally considered the weakest, actually demonstrated its resilience during the COVID19 crisis. This of course was helped by a good monsoon which led to a bumper harvest, the governments decision to keep the agricultural sector out of the ambit of lockdown during the first wave, procurement by the government, stable rural consumption supported by incomes through MGNREGA wages all contributed to this. The low level of cases in rural India during the first wave allowed for all this to function. And there is no gain saying the importance of the resilience of our small scale farmers who have learnt over generations to tackle such crises and sustain their livelihoods. However, we cannot afford any complacency. While we need more systematic evidence on the impacts of reverse migration, we already have indications of increasing poverty, hunger and indebtedness amongst the rural population due to COVID19. The non-farm economy has its knock-on effects and until that is stabilised, we cannot rest. The farm sector responded quickly to the situation and started using digital technologies for communication, market linkages etc. A number of civil society organizations and women s self-help groups etc sprung into action as the crisis hit and supported their communities and beyond. This agility and spirit of innovation, cooperation and collaboration is something that other sectors could emulate.

MS: Last year India began cultivating Asafoetida/Hing on its soil for the first time towards self-reliance. What more steps need to be taken? Plus, what international alliances does IRRI advise the central government for better food systems in India and towards self-reliance?

RP:The COVID19 pandemic-induced disruptions in global food chains have driven home the need to become self-reliant, particularly in agriculture to enhance resilience against such shocks in the future. It is important to identify the major and important products for which we rely on imports and make efforts to reduce that dependence, for example, edible oils. However, it is critical to assess our comparative advantage in producing these. Strategies for enhancing the competitiveness of such products through technological and institutional innovations should be developed as a first step. The focus needs to be on value addition, vertical integration and quality while providing adequate infrastructural and logistics support. It is important to tap into the new farmer producer organizations (FPOs) which are being promoted to facilitate this. With effective support, these organizations have the potential to make the country self-reliant. This could also offer remunerative opportunities for engaging youth, who are gradually leaving the agricultural sector. It is important to engage more intensively with international research consortia like CGIAR along with national research agencies and also the digital and spatial technology sector to provide the needed infusion of innovations.

MS: Climate change, sustainable agricultural practices, pesticide-free food chains and green energy utilisation in the farming sector. With respect to these areas, what reforms does IRRI advise the government? How do you think these must be implemented on a faster basis?

RP:We need a green-growth strategy that can enable us to provide enough and nutritious food to all in an efficient and sustainable manner. And the challenge is to do it as the quality and quantity of natural resources is declining, adverse environmental impacts are increasing and climate shocks and stresses are increasing in frequency and intensity. If we continue with the current practices, very soon our food supplies (quantity and quality) will be at risk. We need to give priority to research, development, innovation, education and information. We need policies that support market functioning and allow prices that reflect the value of scarce natural resources and consider the reduction of subsidies and measures that promote environmentally harmful practices. Policies and programs should be designed to provide incentives for environmental good and services provision. Property rights that ensure optimal resource use are critical. Transformations like these that we are seeking need profound changes and multiple technical, institutional and policy elements need to fall into place to allow changes to take place faster. We need to foster effective agricultural innovation systems, with a special emphasis on reskilling and retooling agricultural extension to facilitate this. One should also exercise caution and assess systematically the implications, learning from the example of Sri Lanka whose strategies led to an economic crisis.

MS: The decision of the agriculture ministry to recognise scientists as AIP (Agricultural Important Person) title is a welcome move. But when it comes to extensive research and replication of research findings on a large scale, there are serious limitations during their implementation. What steps need to be taken for faster and better implementation of scientific methods that can further boost the agricultural sector?

RP:Yes, innovation at a faster pace is important to face the burgeoning and wicked challenges we face in sustainable agricultural development. Traditionally, we have looked at technology development, dissemination (extension) and, scaling as a linear process and as responsibilities of different actors. This has led to a fractured system resulting in inefficient processes and lower impacts. Agricultural innovation is a social process and is dependent on a network of actors. Often technology does not scale because it might not be relevant for the farmers or others in the food value chain. Understanding farmers needs, priorities and preferences should be the basis for research prioritization and technology development. Otherwise, significant research investments do not bear fruit. Scaling is often misconstrued as being simple and is just about replicating solutions that have been tested in one place across a large number of geographical areas and farmers. Technologies need to be assessed not just for their suitability for different agro-ecological environments, but also for their relevance and acceptance in different socio-cultural and economic contexts. One size does not fit all! Agricultural solutions and innovations cannot just be transplanted, it is a complex social process and demands flexibility and adaptive management based on constant learning. We need a balance between technical and social sciences working together in a transdisciplinary manner to overcome these barriers.

MS: Your take on the new farm laws and the ongoing protests across India? (Share your response in the wake of farmers’ suicide; the situation of farmers in India who at times throw away their crops for not getting genuine price and also agriculture being the only sector which hasn t seen a deep down graph during the pandemic)

RP:Market reforms in Indian agriculture have been long overdue and have been under discussion since 2001. The new farm laws come with very good intent and are trying to enhance choice for farmers. Policies can always be double-edged swords depending on how they are interpreted and implemented. The devil is in the details. They can impact different socio-economic groups of farmers differently. How the regional and local contexts play out will also determine who benefits and loses and how. What is important is to identify the possible loopholes and make sure we have safeguards in place to protect the vulnerable small and marginal farmers in this process. The intent to set up 10,000 FPOs to facilitate this shift is also commendable. But knowing how many of the existing FPOs are dysfunctional one needs to be cautious and think of the quality of FPOs being set up rather than chase some quantitative targets. The matter is sub-judice and it would be good if we allowed time to see the outcomes from that process based on an objective assessment of merits and demerits. Meanwhile, an attempt to better communicate these policies, highlighting their pros and cons and what safeguards can be put in place would be helpful.

MS: How can Indian farmers improve their agricultural yield without much use of pesticides? What all is needed to bridge the gap between their efforts and the product in the changing health and climate change scenarios?

RP:Evidence shows that climate change through temperature and rainfall changes can affect the population size, survival rate and geographical distribution of pests. The concept of One Health, which recognizes the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment and demands a collaborative approach at multiple levels to achieve optimal health outcomes for all compels us to think of alternative strategies to enhance yields with lower use of pesticides. These include appropriate and precise social nutrient and health management, application of biofertilizers, intercropping with legume-based crops, crop rotation, development and adoption of insect-pest and disease-resistant varieties; integrated pest management; scientific storage and management practices; use of good quality seeds, accurate weather predictions amongst others.

MS: India has enough food production in terms of the quantity of production. But several million still go hungry and are malnourished; farmers commit suicide. Thus, India needs a different set of solutions for agriculture, for those working on the land as well as for the deprived masses. What are your suggestions to the government in terms of policy shifts to overcome these challenges?

RP:Yes, India produces enough food to feed its population, yet we have persistent and stubborn pervasive hunger and malnutrition. The ongoing pandemic has exposed how fragile our food systems are. Even without COVID19 our numbers of hunger were rising (we added 60 million, hungry people, during 2014-19) – and it is estimated that Covid may add another 83-132 million undernourished. An increasing number of people had to reduce the quantity and quality of food they consume. There is an increased risk of child and women’s malnutrition. Adult obesity is on the rise. What worries me really is the increasing inequalities we are witnessing as this unfolds. Important to note is that some sections are affected more than others. Rural more than urban, poor more than rich, women more than men. The irony is that the world produces enough food to feed its entire population, but more than 1.5 million cannot afford a diet with the required levels of essential nutrients. Probably some of us don’t even think of how much we spend on food, but more than 3 billion people cannot afford the cheapest healthy diet – and this has hidden health costs. We need to be able to provide safe, nutritious and sufficient food for all people all year round. We need a food system that is resilient – but not resilient at the cost of a majority of smaller actors. For this, small scale producers need support to get nutritious foods to markets at low costs and ensure people have access to these food markets. We need strategies to make food supply chains work for vulnerable socio-economic groups. We need investments in road and transportation networks; storage, processing and preservation facilities to preserve nutritive value; trade policies that reduce costs and enhance the affordability of healthy diets; more nutritious varieties of staple crops like rice and wheat – high zinc, high iron, low GI, high protein; biofortification; diversification of cropping systems to stimulate diverse diets; strategies to reduce food losses and wastes; climate-resilient varieties of crops; nutrition-sensitive social protection policies – cash and in-kind transfers, school feeding programs, subsidization of nutritious foods and; higher investments in research and innovation. And it is important to recognise that we cannot leave 50% of the population behind and that women can be powerful agents of change driving food systems transformations. Make women and womens groups core part of the solution as leaders, innovators, farmers, market players, caretakers.

About Ranjitha Puskur, IRRI’s Representative To India

Ranjitha Puskur is the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)’s Representative to India and also the leader of their ‘Gender and Livelihoods research program. She is an agricultural economist, specialising in agricultural innovation systems and gender. She has been with the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) since 2002, working at the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), WorldFish and IRRI across Africa, Asia and Pacific. Her work focuses on generating knowledge, learning and evidence that can translate into technical and institutional innovation and lead to more equitable outcomes for women and other vulnerable social groups engaged in agriculture.

She also leads the Evidence Module in the CGIAR GENDER (Generating Evidence and New Directions for Equitable Results) Platform, which aims to deliver new evidence to fill key gaps in the gender and food systems domain to inform research, development practice and policy to facilitate design and implementation of solutions and trajectories to reduce gender inequalities. In her role as IRRI’s Representative to India, she engages with government, non-government, civil society, private sector and investors to garner support for IRRI’s R4D program and policy engagement in India, to contribute to agricultural sector development.

About the Interviewer

Mahima Sharma is an Independent Journalist based in Delhi NCR. She has been in the field of TV, Print & Online Journalism since 2005 and previously an additional three years in allied media. In her span of work she has been associated with CNN-News18, ANI - Asian News International (A collaboration with Reuters), Voice of India, Hindustan Times and various other top media brands of their times. In recent times, she has diversified her work as a Digital Media Marketing Consultant & Content Strategist as well. Mahima can be reached at media@indiastat.com

Disclaimer : The opinions expressed within this interview are the personal opinions of the interviewee. The facts and opinions appearing in the answers do not reflect the views of Indiastat or the interviewer. Indiastat does not hold any responsibility or liability for the same.

Population
(Estimated as of now)
Socio-Economic Voices
Ranjitha Puskur IRRI’s Representative to India

If we continue with the current practices, very soon our food supplies (quantity and quality) will be at risk... Read more

Submit your Article
Complimentary access to our selected publications for our subscribers
Socio-Economic News
Key Economic Indicators of India
(Week ending Saturday 16thOctober, 2021)

This section gives information about Key Economic Indicators in the country, with weekly updates.

Indicator Current Year Ago
INFLATION
All Commodities 10.66 1.32

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (10.66)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (11.39)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (1.32)

Primary Articles 4.1 4.06

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (4.10)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (6.20)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (4.06)

Food Articles -4.69 8.37

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (-4.69)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (-1.29)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (8.37)

Non-Food Articles 29.4 -1.81

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (29.40)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (28.76)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-1.81)

Minerals 28.8 -6.01

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (28.80)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (14.50)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-6.01)

Fuel & Power 24.81 -8.65

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (24.81)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (26.09)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-8.65)

Manufactured Products 11.41 1.87

Inflation YoY (In %), Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (11.41)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (11.39)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (1.87)

Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas 56.06 -22.36

Inflation YoY (In %) Based on WPI (2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of May, 2021 (56.06)
Previous : For the month of April, 2021 (79.56)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (-22.36)

Consumer Price Indices (CPI) 4.35 7.27

Consumer Price Indices (CPI) Inflation (In %) on Base : 2012=100

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (4.35)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (5.30)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (7.27)

NATIONAL INCOME
GVA at Basic Price 18.77 -22.37

Gross Value Added Growth Rate (In %) At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (18.77)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (3.72)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-22.37)

Per Capita Income on NNI 86659 94566

In Rs. (At Constant 2011-12 Prices)

Current :For the year 2020-2021 (86659)
Previous : For the year 2019-2020 (94566)
Year Ago : For the year 2018-2019 (92241)

GDP
GDP 20.13 -24.43

Gross Domestic Product Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (20.13)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (1.64)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-24.43)

GDP from Agriculture 4.52 3.54

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (4.52)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (3.10)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (3.54)

GDP from Industry 46.15 -35.83

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (46.15)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (7.93)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-35.83)

GDP from Services 11.42 -21.46

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :01st Quarter April-June 2021 (2021-2022) (11.42)
Previous : 04th Quarter January-March 2021 (2020-2021) (1.50)
Year Ago : 01st Quarter April-June 2020 (2020-2021) (-21.46)

GDP Annual Growth Rate -7.3 4

Growth Rate (In %) Estimates of GDP at Factor Cost- At Constant 2011-12 Prices

Current :For the 2020-2021 (-7.3)
Previous : For the 2019-2020 (4.0)
Year Ago : For the 2018-2019 (6.1)

GST
Gross Collections 112020 86449

(Figures in Rs. in Crore)

Current :As on 31st August 2021 (112020)
Previous : As on 31st July 2021 (116393)
Year Ago : As on 31st August 2020 (86449)

Returns Filed 90 87

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 31st January 2021 (90.00)
Previous : As on 31st December 2020 (87.00)
Year Ago : As on 31st January 2020 (83.00)

Public Finance
Total Receipts 125375 144446

(GoI Union Govt. Accounts Monthly Trend Revenue Receipts Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (125375)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (135898)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (144446)

Total Expenditure 272241 193444

(GoI Union Govt. Accounts Monthly Trend Total Expenditure Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (272241)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (182796)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (193444)

Fiscal Deficit 146866 48998

(GoI, Union Govt. Accounts, Monthly Trend, Fiscal Deficit, Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (146866)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (46898)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (48998)

FOREIGN TRADE & INVESTMENT
Export 33.79 27.56

(US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (33.79)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (33.28)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (27.56)

Import 56.39 30.52

(US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (56.39)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (47.09)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (30.52)

Trade Balance -22.59 -2.96

(US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (-22.59)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (-13.81)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-2.96)

FDI Inflow 8.3 23.6

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Inflows (US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (8.30)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (0.65)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (23.60)

NRI Investment 141.52 137.81

US $ Billion

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (141.52)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (141.79)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (137.81)

FPI Investment 27755.71 -1196.38

Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPI) (Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (27755.71)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (16555.95)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (-1196.38)

Forex Reserves 637.48 545.64

(US $ Billion)

Current :As on 01st October, 2021 (637.48)
Previous : As on 03rd September, 2021 (642.45)
Year Ago : As on 02nd October, 2020 (545.64)

Balance of Payment (BoP)
Credit 336.07 334.31

US $ Billion

Current :04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2021 (2020-2021) (336.07)
Previous : 03rd Quarter Oct.-Dec. 2020 (2020-2021) (337.70)
Year Ago : 04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2020 (2019-2020) (334.31)

Debit 332.68 315.52

US $ Billion

Current :04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2021 (2020-2021) (332.68)
Previous : 03rd Quarter Oct.-Dec. 2020 (2020-2021) (305.21)
Year Ago : 04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2020 (2019-2020) (315.52)

Net 3.39 18.79

US $ Billion

Current :04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2021 (2020-2021) (3.39)
Previous : 03rd Quarter Oct.-Dec. 2020 (2020-2021) (32.48)
Year Ago : 04th Quarter Jan.-Mar. 2020 (2019-2020) (18.79)

EXCHANGE RATES
Rs. Per 1 USD 75.05 73.33

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (75.05)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (73.65)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (73.33)

Rs. Per 1 GBP 103.46 94.95

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (103.46)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (100.92)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (94.95)

Rs. Per 1 EURO 87.36 86.34

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (87.36)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (86.28)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (86.34)

Rs. Per 100 YEN 65.55 69.5

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (65.55)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (67.04)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (69.50)

BULLION RATES
Standard Gold 47546 50976

(Rs. per 10 Grams)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (47546)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (46282)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (50976)

Silver 64422 62178

(Rs. per Kilogram)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (64422)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (59714)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (62178)

CAPITAL MARKET
BSE Sensex 61259.96 40544.37

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (61259.96)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (58490.93)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (40544.37)

NSE Nifty 18418.75 11873.05

(S&P CNX Nifty)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (18418.75)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (17396.90)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (11873.05)

INSURANCE
Gross Direct Premium Underwritten by Non-Life Insurers 22226.4 22870.82

(Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (22226.40)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (21871.65)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (22870.82)

First Year Premium of Life Insurers
Premium 31001.17 25366.32

(Rs. in Crore)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (31001.17)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (27820.74)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (25366.32)

Policies/Schemes 24.47 22.91

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (24.47)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (23.81)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (22.91)

Lives Covered under Group Schemes 184.28 124.88

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (184.28)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (159.68)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (124.88)

INDEX OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION (IIP)
Sectoral
General 11.9 -7.1

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (11.90)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-7.10)

Mining 23.6 -8.7

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (23.60)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (19.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-8.70)

Manufacturing 9.7 -7.6

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (9.70)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (10.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-7.60)

Electricity 16 -1.8

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (16.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.10)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-1.80)

Use-Based
Primary Goods 17 -10.7

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (17.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (12.40)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-10.70)

Capital Goods 19.9 -14.4

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (19.90)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (29.50)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-14.40)

Intermediate Goods 10.3 -4.8

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (10.30)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (14.10)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-4.80)

Infrastructure / Construction Goods 11.1 0

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (11.10)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.60)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (0.00)

Consumer Durables 8 -10.2

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (8.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (20.20)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-10.20)

Consumer Non-Durables 5.2 -3

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (5.20)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (-1.80)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-3.00)

INDEX OF EIGHT CORE INDUSTRIES
Overall Index 11.56 -6.9

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (11.56)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (9.94)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-6.90)

Coal 20.59 3.6

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (20.59)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (18.81)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (3.60)

Crude Oil -2.29 -6.27

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (-2.29)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (-3.22)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-6.27)

Natural Gas 20.63 -9.48

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (20.63)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (18.99)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-9.48)

Refinery Products 9.05 -19.15

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (9.05)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (6.70)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-19.15)

Fertilizers -3.1 7.29

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (-3.10)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (0.54)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (7.29)

Steel 5.07 0.47

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (5.07)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (9.38)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (0.47)

Cement 36.29 -14.52

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (36.29)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (21.69)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-14.52)

Electricity 15.34 -1.83

Growth Rates (In %) (Base : 2011-12=100)

Current : For the month of August, 2021 (15.34)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11.03)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (-1.83)

TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Telephone Subscribers 1187.9 1180.84

(Total Wireless+Wireline Telephone Subscribers in Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (1187.90)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (1179.49)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (1180.84)

Broadband Subscribers
Wireless Subscribers 742.84 662.04

(In Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (742.84)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (734.94)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (662.04)

Total Broadband Subscribers 765.09 681.11

(In Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (1187.90)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (1179.49)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (1180.84)

Wireline Subscribers 22.26 19.07

(In Million)

Current :As on 28th February, 2021 (22.26)
Previous : As on 31st January, 2021 (22.67)
Year Ago : As on 29th February, 2020 (19.07)

FTTH Connections 5.1 0

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 14th June, 2021 (5.10)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Dark Fibre 26610.76 0

(In Km)

Current :As on 14th June, 2021 (26610.76)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Active Users (Wi-Fi/FTTH) 15.72 0

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 14th June, 2021 (15.72)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Telephone Subscribers
Overall Tele-density 88.51 86.03

(In %age)

Current :As on 31st July, 2021 (88.51)
Previous : As on 30th June, 2021 (88.07)
Year Ago : As on 31st July, 2020 (86.03)

BharatNet
Wi-Fi Hotspot Installed (GPs) 1.04 0

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 21st June, 2021 (1.04)
Previous :
Year Ago :

ENERGY GENERATION
Bhutan Import 146.6 258

(GWH)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (146.60)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (128.70)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (258.00)

Plant Load Factor (PLF)
Thermal 66.56 66.56

(In %)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (66.56)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (66.64)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (66.56)

Nuclear 68.91 68.91

(In %)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (68.91)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (62.67)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (68.91)

Total Energy Generation 108350.51 110211.86

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (108350.51)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (120977.56)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (110211.86)

Thermal 85403.75 85987.6

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (85403.75)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (96231.97)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (85987.60)

Nuclear 3792.8 3881.96

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (3792.80)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (3139.88)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (3881.96)

Hydro 17817.99 18890.42

(GWH)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (17817.99)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (20269.91)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (18890.42)

Renewable Energy Generation
Wind 6425.95 4492.66

(MU)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (6425.95)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (9348.92)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (4492.66)

Solar 5111.09 4082.99

(MU)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (5111.09)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (5449.51)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (4082.99)

PETROLEUM PRICES
Crude Oil Prices 73.13 41.35

Crude Oil Price (Indian Basket) ($/bbl.)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (73.13)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (69.80)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (41.35)

Retail Selling Price (RSP) of Petrol (Rs./Litre)
Delhi 106.19 81.06

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (106.19)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (101.19)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (81.06)

Mumbai 112.11 87.74

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (112.11)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (107.26)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (87.74)

Chennai 103.31 84.14

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (103.31)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (98.96)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (84.14)

Kolkata 106.77 82.59

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (106.77)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (101.62)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (82.59)

Retail Selling Price (RSP) of Diesel (Rs./Litre)
Delhi 94.92 70.46

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (94.92)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (88.62)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (70.46)

Mumbai 102.89 76.86

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (102.89)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (96.19)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (76.86)

Chennai 99.26 75.95

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (99.26)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (93.26)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (75.95)

Kolkata 98.03 73.99

(Rs./Litre)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (98.03)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (91.71)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (73.99)

RETAIL PRICE OF SELECTED FOOD COMMODITIES
Arhar (Split)
Delhi 115 90

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (115)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (115)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (90)

Mumbai 112 98

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (112)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (110)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (98)

Kolkata 115 105

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (115)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (115)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (105)

Chennai 135 110

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (135)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (135)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (110)

Masur (Split)
Delhi 98 75

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (98)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (83)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (75)

Mumbai 100 82

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (100)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (94)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (82)

Kolkata 110 97

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (110)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (110)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (97)

Chennai 108 90

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (108)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (110)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (90)

Mustard Oil
Delhi 200 128

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (200)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (170)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (128)

Mumbai 200 140

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (200)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (180)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (140)

Kolkata 180 120

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (180)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (170)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (120)

Chennai 210 140

(In Kg/Litre)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (210)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (200)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (140)

Onion
Delhi 35 45

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (35)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (45)

Mumbai 44 50

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (44)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (20)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (50)

Kolkata 45 50

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (45)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (35)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (50)

Chennai 50 50

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (50)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (30)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (50)

Potato
Delhi 25 45

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (25)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (45)

Mumbai 20 32

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (20)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (20)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (32)

Kolkata 15 35

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (15)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (13)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (35)

Chennai 30 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (30)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (30)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (40)

Rice (Common/Coarse)
Delhi 45 42

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (45)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (47)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (42)

Mumbai 34 32

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (34)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (30)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (32)

Kolkata 32 30

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (32)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (32)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (30)

Chennai 45 48

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (45)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (47)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (48)

Sugar
Delhi 43 38

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (43)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (43)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (38)

Mumbai 42 42

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (42)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (41)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (42)

Kolkata 44 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (44)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (42)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (40)

Chennai 46 42

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 19th October, 2021 (46)
Previous : As on 19th September, 2021 (46)
Year Ago : As on 19th October, 2020 (42)

Tomato
Delhi 55 45

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (55)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (20)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (45)

Mumbai 40 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (40)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (16)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (40)

Kolkata 70 70

(In Kg)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (70)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (45)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (70)

Chennai 50 40

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (50)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (40)

Wheat (Kalyan HYV)
Delhi 25 26

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (25)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (25)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (26)

Mumbai 34 24

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (34)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (32)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (24)

Kolkata 27 27

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 13th August, 2021 (27)
Previous : As on 16th July, 2021 (27)
Year Ago : As on 10th July, 2020 (27)

Chennai 42 53

(In Kg.)

Current :As on 08th October, 2021 (42)
Previous : As on 10th September, 2021 (40)
Year Ago : As on 09th October, 2020 (53)

WAGE RATES
Average Daily Wage Rates For General Agricultural Labourers
Men 319.8 311.96

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (319.80)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (318.82)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (311.96)

Women 250.42 243.4

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (250.42)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (249.56)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (243.40)

Average Daily Wage Rates For General Non-Agricultural Labourers
Men 323.35 316.04

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (323.35)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (322.60)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (316.04)

Women 236 233.39

(In Rs.)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (236.00)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (235.88)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (233.39)

BANKING & FINANCE
Banking Performance
Reporting Offices 1.5 1.49

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (1.50)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (1.50)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (1.49)

Deposit 155393.09 141274.83

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (155393.09)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (154399.70)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (141274.83)

CD Ratio 70.46 73.14

(In %age)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (70.46)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (71.47)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (73.14)

Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) 2.41 2.33

(Nos. in Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (2.41)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (2.40)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (2.33)

Points of Sale (PoS) 47.48 43.55

(Nos. in Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (47.48)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (46.08)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (43.55)

Digital Transaction
Mobile Banking Transactions 11365.46 6752.77

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (11365.46)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (11493.40)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (6752.77)

National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) 22098.18 19305.52

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (22098.18)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (22043.03)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (19305.52)

Banking Performance
Credit 109486.14 103332.31

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of June, 2021 (109486.14)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (110353.47)
Year Ago : For the month of June, 2020 (103332.31)

Digital Transaction
Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) 101600.93 72923.8

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (101600.93)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (107413.14)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (72923.80)

Credit Cards Usage at ATMs/PoS 779.81 505.03

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (779.81)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (751.20)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (505.03)

Debit Cards Usage at ATMs/PoS 3273.85 2904.48

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (3273.85)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (3149.11)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (2904.48)

Gross Bank Credit by Major Sectors
Total Gross Bank Credit 108974.63 102161.58

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (108974.63)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (109104.16)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (102161.58)

Food Credit 688.01 659.41

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (688.01)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (774.78)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (659.41)

Non-food Credit 108020.9 102207.72

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 23rd April, 2021 (108020.90)
Previous : As on 26th March, 2021 (108903.07)
Year Ago : As on 24th April, 2020 (102207.72)

Agriculture & Allied Activities (Non-food Credit) 13042.7 11716.79

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (13042.70)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (13180.24)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (11716.79)

Micro & Small Medium and Large Industry (Non-food Credit) 28196.01 27575.26

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (28196.01)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (28248.55)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (27575.26)

Services (Non-food Credit) 25923.46 25604.89

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 23rd April, 2021 (25923.46)
Previous : As on 26th March, 2021 (26305.66)
Year Ago : As on 24th April, 2020 (25604.89)

Personal Loans (Non-food Credit) 28104.19 24957.88

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 23rd April, 2021 (28104.19)
Previous : As on 26th March, 2021 (28137.13)
Year Ago : As on 24th April, 2020 (24957.88)

Money Stock Measures
Currency in Circulation 29439.46 26805.47

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (29439.46)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (29466.49)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (26805.47)

Cash on Hand with Banks 1130.55 974.36

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (1130.55)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (1074.25)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (974.36)

Currency with the Public 28308.91 25831.11

(Rs. in Billion)

Current :As on 27th August, 2021 (28308.91)
Previous : As on 30th July, 2021 (28392.24)
Year Ago : As on 28th August, 2020 (25831.11)

Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs)
m-Wallet 177.12 130

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (177.12)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (170.53)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (130.00)

PPI Cards 49.19 38.08

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (49.19)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (37.53)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (38.08)

Retail Payments on NPCI 18921.9 13546.17

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (18921.90)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (18578.52)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (13546.17)

Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) 3240.94 2486.62

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (3240.94)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (3202.03)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (2486.62)

Unified Payments Interface (UPI)
UPI 6543.52 3290.28

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (6543.52)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (6391.17)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (3290.28)

BHIM 75.23 63.81

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (75.23)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (80.47)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (63.81)

USSD 2.0 0.16 0.14

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (0.16)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (0.17)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (0.14)

UPI excl. BHIM & USSD 6468.13 3226.32

Amount Transaction (Rs. in Billion)

Current :For the month of September, 2021 (6468.13)
Previous : For the month of August, 2021 (6310.53)
Year Ago : For the month of September, 2020 (3226.32)

TOURISM
Tourism Receipts 0.79 2.33

Foreign Exchange Earnings from Tourism (In US $ Billion)

Current :For the month of March, 2020 (0.79)
Previous : For the month of February, 2020 (2.56)
Year Ago : For the month of March, 2019 (2.33)

Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) 0.69 0.0047

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of April, 2021 (0.69)
Previous : For the month of March, 2021 (1.23)
Year Ago : For the month of April, 2020 (0.00470)

e-Tourist Visa 0.99 3.58

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of March, 2021 (0.99)
Previous : For the month of February, 2021 (3.58)
Year Ago : For the month of March, 2020 (2.82)

TRANSPORT
Ports
Traffic Handled At Major Sea Ports 57591 51683

(In ^000 Tonnes)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (57591)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (55026)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (51683)

Air Traffic
Aircraft Movement 1.38 0.75

(Total International + Domestic Aircraft Movement at Indian Airports In Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (1.38)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (1.15)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (0.75)

Passenger Movements 142.59 61.64

(Total International + Domestic Passengers Traffic at Indian Airports In Lakh)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (142.59)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (105.32)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (61.64)

Freight Movements 264509 204247

(Total International + Domestic Passengers Traffic at Indian Airports In MT)

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (264509)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (259168)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (204247)

Railways
Passengers Booked 256.04 22.27

No. in Millions

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (256.04)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (191.89)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (22.27)

Originating Revenue Loading 110.43 94.5

In Million Tonnes

Current :For the month of August, 2021 (110.43)
Previous : For the month of July, 2021 (112.47)
Year Ago : For the month of August, 2020 (94.50)

SOCIAL SECURITY
NPS Subscribers
New Subscribers 0.5 0.35

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (0.50)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (0.78)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (0.35)

Existing Subscribers 6827.7 5958.46

In Thousand Nos.

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (6827.70)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (6676.30)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (5958.46)

EPF Members
New EPF Subscribers 9.02 6.96

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (9.02)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (8.51)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (6.96)

Number of Members Exited 3.77 9.66

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (3.77)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (5.97)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (9.66)

Number of Exited Members who Rejoined and Resubscribed 9.39 7.73

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (9.39)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (8.62)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (7.73)

Net Payroll 14.65 5.03

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (14.65)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (11.16)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (5.03)

ESI Members
Newly Registered Employees 13.21 7.42

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (13.21)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (10.58)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (7.42)

Existing Employees 2.45 2.08

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :For the month of July, 2021 (2.45)
Previous : For the month of June, 2021 (2.36)
Year Ago : For the month of July, 2020 (2.08)

KEY SOCIAL SCHEMES
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
Total Enrollments 23.26 0

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :As on 31.03.2021 (23.26)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Claims Disbursed 45.47 0

(In '000 Nos.)

Current :As on 31.03.2021 (45.47)
Previous :
Year Ago :

Pradhan Mantri Jan - Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
No of Beneficiaries 43.57 40.98

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :As on 06th October, 2021 (43.57)
Previous : As on 08th September, 2021 (43.29)
Year Ago : As on 07th October, 2020 (40.98)

Deposits in Accounts 145811.5 130360.53

(Rs. in Crore)

Current :As on 06th October, 2021 (145811.50)
Previous : As on 08th September, 2021 (145050.76)
Year Ago : As on 07th October, 2020 (130360.53)

Rupay Debit Card Issued 31.56 30.06

(In Crore Nos.)

Current :As on 06th October, 2021 (31.56)
Previous : As on 08th September, 2021 (31.36)
Year Ago : As on 07th October, 2020 (30.06)

COMPANIES
Registered Companies 22.03 20.31

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 31st July, 2021 (22.03)
Previous : As on 30th June, 2021 (21.87)
Year Ago : As on 31st July, 2020 (20.31)

Closed Companies 7.64 7.47

(In Lakh Nos.)

Current :As on 31st July, 2021 (7.64)
Previous : As on 30th June, 2021 (7.63)
Year Ago : As on 31st July, 2020 (7.47)

COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19 Cases
Confirmed Cases 34.11 7.6

(In Million)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (34.11)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (33.48)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (7.60)

Active Cases 0.18 0.75

(In Million)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (0.18)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (0.32)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (0.75)

Recovered 33.48 6.73

(In Million)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (33.48)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (32.72)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (6.73)

Recovery Rate 98.15 88.63

(In %age)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (98.15)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (97.72)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (88.63)

Deaths 0.45 0.12

(In Million)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (0.45)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (0.45)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (0.12)

Fatality Rates 1.33 1.52

(In %age)

Current :As on 20th October, 2021 (1.33)
Previous : As on 20th September, 2021 (1.33)
Year Ago : As on 20th October, 2020 (1.52)

Vaccination
Age Group 18-44 Years (1st Dose) 31.74 1.78

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (31.74)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (1.78)
Year Ago : -

Age Group 18-44 Years (2nd Dose) 0.32 0

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (0.32)
Previous : -
Year Ago : -

Age Group 45-60 Years (1st Dose) 72.55 55.05

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (72.55)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (55.05)
Year Ago : -

Age Group 45-60 Years (2nd Dose) 11.53 6.37

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (11.53)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (6.37)
Year Ago : -

Age Group Over 60 Years (1st Dose) 61.28 53.62

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (61.28)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (53.62)
Year Ago : -

Age Group Over 60 Years (2nd Dose) 19.44 14.82

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (19.44)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (14.82)
Year Ago : -

Age not Classified (1st Dose) 26.38 23.47

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (26.38)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (23.47)
Year Ago : -

Age not Classified (2nd Dose) 15.62 14.18

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (15.62)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (14.18)
Year Ago : -

1st Dose (Beneficiaries Vaccinated) 191.94 133.92

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (191.94)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (133.92)
Year Ago : -

2nd Dose (Beneficiaries Vaccinated) 46.9 35.38

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th May, 2021 (46.90)
Previous : As on 08th April, 2021 (35.38)
Year Ago : -

Total Beneficiaries Vaccinated 238.84 169.3

(In Million)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (238.84)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (169.30)
Year Ago : -

Vaccinated Ratio 17.42 12.35

(Per hundred Population)

Current :As on 08th June, 2021 (17.42)
Previous : As on 08th May, 2021 (12.35)
Year Ago : -

APP ON KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF INDIA

This free app is available, in seven International and twelve Indian Languages, at Apple Store and Google Play
Our Subscribers
Indiastat Cited In...
A storehouse of socio-economic statistical of 620 districts. A cluster of 11 associate websites
Provides election data for all 543 parliamentary and 4120 state assembly constituencies
A collection of over 4000 data-oriented publication in print, eBook, eFlipbook & web-based access formats
Soon to be launched, a comprehensive collection of Infographics, videos, maps and charts on various socio-economic and electoral Insights
Twenty years of serving socio-economic and electoral research fraternity in india and abroad.
© Datanet India Pvt. Ltd.